Organic Viking 540LH Alfalfa

RESISTANCE & PERSISTENCE

  • Excellent resistance to potato leafhoppers
  • High-yielding variety; fast establishment; quick recovery
  • Superior resistance to Phytophthora, Fusarium, and Aphanomyces root rots
  • Good persistence on wetter soils; strong winter survival score
  • Apex Green Hydroloc coating

 

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Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)

Alfalfa is a tap-rooted, multi-cut, perennial forage legume. It is very productive, drought tolerant, widely adapted, and is the second most commonly planted forage legume in the world. We carry a wide range of alfalfa varieties to fit most farming situations and budgets.

ALFALFA VARIETY SELECTION

When selecting an alfalfa variety, the key considerations are: how long will the field be in production, how many cuttings a year do you plan to take, what is the end use for the forage (quality needs), and what are the unique challenges for the field location (disease / insects)?

ALFALFA VARIETY KEY CHARACTERISTICS

HD: Highly Digestible Alfalfa lines with the HD distinction are tested for quality from the very first selection by the breeders. These lines have low lignin levels resulting in milk/ton numbers that are first in class.

HQ: High Quality Highest quality alfalfa lines from WL, one of the largest alfalfa breeding programs in the world.

AP: Aphanomyces Race 2 Resistance Farmers in northeast Iowa, southeast Minnesota, and southwest Wisconsin face challenges with Aphanomyces root rot in alfalfa. If you are in one of these regions choose a variety with race 2 Aphanomyces resistance. These varieties also have resistance to race 1.

LH: Leaf Hopper Resistance These varieties maintain strong yields and forage quality under heavy pressure from leafhoppers.

Organic Viking 540LH Alfalfa
Performance Table
VarietyW.S.IFDD.R.ITraffic ToleranceAphanomycesPhyto. Root RotVertic. Root RotStem NematodeBacterial WiltFusarium WiltAnthracnoseAphids
Organic Viking 540LH Alfalfa1.93.834/35XHR Race 1, HR Race 2HRHRHRHRHRHR
Organic Viking 5200 Brand Alfalfa2.5530/30HR Race 1HRHRHRHRHRHRHR
Viking 372HD Brand Non-GMO Alfalfa2430/30HR Race 1HRHRHRHRHRR
Organic Viking 340M Brand Alfalfa2327/30R Race 1RHRRHRHR
Organic Viking 3200 Brand Alfalfa2.2327/30HR Race 1, LR Race 2HRMRRHRHR
Organic Honest John Alfalfa2.5327/30R Race 1RHRRHRHR
Organic Travois Creeping Alfalfa1SRMRS
Organic Charger Brand Alfalfa2.23S Race 1S
Organic Hardy Brand Alfalfa2.23S Race 1S
Organic Nitrogen Brand Alfalfa9R Race 1RSHRSHR

Overview

Uses:

  • Hay
  • Silage
  • Pasture
  • Cover Crop

Strengths:

  • Superior yield and protein to other forage.
  • Good re-growth after cutting or grazing.
  • Breeding for improved winterhardiness, yield and disease resistance.
  • Well adapted to drought-prone soils
  • Excellent biomass accumulation & N fixation

Weaknesses:

  • Potential to cause bloat when grazed
  • Not well-suited to wet soils

 

Plant Information

Winterhardiness:
Good to excellent depending on variety and fertilization (Potash is essential for increasing winterhardiness and stand survival)

Drought-Tolerance:
Excellent (for established stands)

Wet soil tolerance:
Select varieties with Phytophthora & Aphanomyces resistance

Average Nitrogen Fixation:
100 – 150 lbs N /acre

Forage Yield Range:
3 – 8 DM ton / A (average 2- to 4-cut system)

Relative Forage Quality:
147 – 186 (index value)

Seed and Seeding Info

Seeds per lb:
200,000 to 220,000

Seeding Rate Alone:
12 – 15 lbs /acre

Seeding Rate in Mixtures:
4 – 8 lbs /acre

Range of Seeding Dates:
Spring or late summer (April – Mid-May and Aug. 5 – 25th in Southern MN)

Methods of seeding:
Broadcast and drag – Drill ; Rolling or cultipacking helps. Often seeded with a small grain cover crop when planted in the spring. Later summer seedings should be direct seeded to minimize competition.

Best seeding depth:
½ to ¾ Inch

Best Soil types:
Well-drained light soils (loam to sandy loam in texture)

pH tolerances:
6.5 to 7.0

ORGANIC FARMING: Questions, Answers, Resources

Organic agriculture has been one of the fastest growing segments of the agriculture industry for a number of years. The purpose of this brochure is to provide basic answers to questions you may have about organic farming practices and to provide resources where you can find additional information. Most of this information was obtained from the Minnesota Guide to Organic Certification by the Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (MISA), but it also applies to organic agriculture in other states.

What is organic agriculture?
The USDA – National Organic Program (NOP) defines organic agriculture as “a production system that is managed to respond to site-specific conditions by integrating cultural, biological and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity.” The Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture says, organic agriculture “generally refers to a farm production management system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity to promote healthy crops without the use of synthetic chemicals (meaning synthetic pesticides – herbicides, insecticides, etc. – and synthetic fertilizers).” In short, organic agriculture is a system of farm and processing practices, not simply the resulting plant and animal products.

Why change to organic agriculture?
Organic production is not for everyone, but there are many reasons to consider changing to organic production. They include: premium prices for organic products, improved soil and water quality associated with diversified cropping systems, reduced use of synthetic chemical inputs, reduced handling of potentially hazardous agricultural chemicals, and potential increased profits through reduced use of off-farm (purchased) inputs.

What do you have to do to become organic?
Producers and processors who sell over $5,000 per year of organic products must be certified by an accredited certification agency in order to sell their products as “organic.” Certification is a process of review and approval of a production system by an organic certification agency, after which a producer is able to call his or her product “organic” or “certified organic.” There is a transitional period of three years during which no forbidden chemicals or fertilizers can be applied. Genetically modified organisms are also prohibited along with numerous other products. A certification agency can provide a complete list of prohibited materials.

How do you find a certification agency?
Producers and handlers may contract with any USDA-accredited certifier, no matter where its office is located.

Cost of certification varies between agencies and with the size of your operation so be sure to shop around to find the best certifier for your circumstances.

Where can I find more help or support?
A good place to start is your local county extension office. They should be able to answer many of your questions or point you toward someone who can. Additionally, listed below are several government agencies, universities, and private groups and that have websites where you can find current information.

University Information Websites:
Iowa State University – Organic Agriculture Program:
ISU operates an Organic Agriculture Program to provide research information and extension presentations for Iowa citizens. Field Days, workshops and classes on organics are held throughout the year.

Contact:
Dr. Kathleen Delate, Associate Professor
Dept. of Horticulture & Agronomy
106 Horticulture Hall
Ames, Iowa 50011-1100
Telephone: (515) 294-7069
Fax: (515) 294-0730
Email: kdelate@iastate.edu
http://extension.agron.iastate.edu/organicag/

University of Minnesota – Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (MISA):

Contact:
411 Borlaug Hall
1991 Buford Circle
St. Paul, MN 55108-1013
Telephone: (800) 909- 6472
Fax: (612) 625-1268
Email: misamail@umn.ed
http://www.misa.umn.edu/home.html

U of MN Southwest Research and Outreach Center (SWROC):

Contact:
23669 130th Street
Lamberton, MN 56152
Telephone: (507) 752-7372
Fax:(507) 752-5097 FAX
http://swroc.cfans.umn.edu/
http://organicecology.umn.edu/

Michigan State University Organic Farm Exchange:

http://michiganorganic.msu.edu/

State and Federal Government Information Websites:

USDA National Organic Program (NOP)
http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/NOP

USDA Organic Production
http://afsic.nal.usda.gov/nal_display/index.php?info_center=2&tax_level=1&tax_subject=296

USDA Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC)
http://afsic.nal.usda.gov/nal_display/index.php?tax_level=1&info_center=2

Iowa Department of Agriculture
http://www.iowaagriculture.gov/AgDiversification/organicCertification.asp

Organic Farming Resources for Wisconsin
http://www.organic.wisc.edu/

North Dakota Organic Farming
http://www.ndorganics.nd.gov/

Certifying Agencies (inclusion on this list does not imply an endorsement by Albert Lea Seed):

Minnesota Crop Improvement Association
www.mncia.org

Midwest Organic Services Association, Inc. (MOSA)
www.mosaorganic.org

Organic Crop Improvement Association – MN Chapter (OCIA) www.mnocia.org

Other Useful Information:

University of Minnesota – Organic Ecology
http://organicecology.umn.edu/

Minnesota Organic Network
http://organicecology.umn.edu/?page_id=51

The Minnesota Organic Farmers’ Information Exchange (MOFIE) http://mofie.cfans.umn.edu/

Midwest Organic & Sustainable Education Service (MOSES) http://www.mosesorganic.org/

National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service (ATTRA) http://attra.ncat.org/

Organic Trade Association (OTA)
http://www.ota.com/

Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture
http://www.leopold.iastate.edu/index.htm

The Rodale Institute
http://www.rodaleinstitute.org/

How To Go Organic
http://howtogoorganic.com/

The Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI)
https://www.omri.org/

eOrganic
http://eorganic.info/

Northern Plains Sustainable Agriculture Society
http://www.npsas.org/

Practical Farmers of Iowa
http://www.practicalfarmers.org/

Additional information

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Purchasing Options

Per Pound, 50lb Bag